Urbanisation in Africa is seen as the worlds lowest, but the development of urban growth in Africa is one of the fastest in the world. It is assumed that in 2025 almost 70 cities will exceed one million inhabitants, caused by the population growth and the rural-to-urban migration. This development leads to new rural and urban mobility needs in existing and new settlement areas.
According to the African Development Bank, infrastructure has been responsible for more than half of Africa’s recent improved economic growth performance (GDP). In the future it will have to contribute for even more growth. Despite the improvement, the infrastructure challenges vary largely by the country type. The uneven economic geography presents a particular challenge for the region’s development of infrastructure.
Around 93$ billion a year is needed to address Africa’s infrastructure – one third of which is for maintenance. Africa´s infrastructure network is twice as expensive as elsewhere in the world and lags far behind those of other developing regions. This situation, where one can find administrative, regulatory and governance barriers, are some causes of an international economically uncompetitive Africa, where poor linkages among transport modes cause long delays and raises the costs of international freight. Landlocked countries are affected the most by this issue – hence the growing interest towards regional collaboration and key transport corridors.